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Xenotransplantation (xenos- from the Greek meaning "foreign"), is the transplantation of living cells, tissues or organs from one species to another. Such cells, tissues or organs are called xenografts or xenotransplants. In contrast, the term allotransplantation refers to a same-species transplant. Human xenotransplantation offers a potential treatment for end-stage organ failure, a significant health problem in parts of the industrialized world. It also raises many novel medical, legal and ethical issues. A continuing concern is that many animals, such as pigs, have shorter lifespans than humans, meaning that their tissues age at a quicker rate. Disease transmission (xenozoonosis) and permanent alteration to the genetic code of animals are also causes for concern. There are few published cases of successful xenotransplantation.
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1. tissue from an animal of one species used as a temporary graft (as in cases of severe burns) on an individual of another species
(hypernym) graft, transplant
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The cells of one species transplanted to another species.
A Service of the National Cancer Institute.
|Dizionario inglese-italiano 1.0.012||Download this dictionary|
XENOTRAPIANTO. TRAPIANTO ETEROPLASTICO
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n. การย้ายเนื้อเยื่อจาก (syn. autograft)
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