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party politics

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party politics
政党政治

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政党
政黨是現代国家中有着特定政治理念的社会团体。通常有特定的政治目标和意识形态,针对国家和社会问题有各自的主张。在競爭式民主国家里(即資產階級民主國家),政黨透過在選舉中獲勝、並以执政為目標。

在沒有政黨競爭的国家里,通常是一党专政。另外也存在著沒有政黨,一切政黨非法的國家;如中東的家族統治政權,包括沙烏地阿拉伯等國。

一個國家存在的政黨數目,可根據政黨體系(party system,亦稱政黨制)分成兩類,包括一黨專政(非競爭性政黨制)與競爭性政黨制。後者再細分為優勢一黨制,兩黨制,兩黨半制,與多黨制(可再分為溫和(moderate)多黨制與「粉碎(fragmented)多黨制」)。


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Fundset Deutsch2Chinese(S)

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Parteipolitik
[die] ①政党政治。党派政治。②党的政策。
party politics, party policy


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