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obligate

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Obligate
Obligate means "by necessity" (antonym facultative) and is used mainly in biology in phrases such as:
  • Obligate aerobe, an organism that cannot survive without oxygen
  • Obligate anaerobe, an organism that cannot survive in the presence of oxygen
  • Obligate air-breather, an organism dependent on oxygen respired directly from the atmosphere rather than extracted from solution in water, for example, the South American lungfish
  • Obligate carnivore, a true carnivore — dependent for survival on a diet of animal flesh.
  • Obligate heterodimer, a macromolecular complex requiring two, usually non-covalently boundmacromolecules like proteins or nucleic acids to achieve a biological effect.
  • Obligate hibernation, a state of inactivity in which some organisms survive conditions of insufficiently available resources.
  • Obligate intracellular parasite, a parasitic microorganism that cannot reproduce without entering a suitable host cell
  • Obligate parasite, a parasite that cannot reproduce without exploiting a suitable host
  • Obligate photoperiodic plant, a plant that requires sufficiently long or short nights before it initiates flowering, germination or similarly functions
  • Obligate symbionts, organisms that can only live together in a symbiosis

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THE Eng-Cro Dictionary

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obligate
prisiliti  
 
obavezati  
 
obavezan  

Free for individual usage/Besplatan za osobnu uporabu

Farsi dictionary

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obligate

در محظور قرار دادن ،متعهد و ملتزم کردن ،ضامن سپردن ،ضرورى


Dizionario inglese-italiano 1.0.012

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OBLIGATE
OBBLIGARE

MHM Advanced English > Persian (v. 90)

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obligate
[.adj. & v]: در محظور قرار دادن ، متعهد و ملتزم کردن ، ضامن سپردن ، ضرورى


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