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n. corpuscles in the cytoplasm which provide energy to a cell (Biology)
The following video provides you with the correct English pronunciation of the word "mitochondrion", to help you become a better English speaker.
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In cell biology, a mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in most eukaryotic cells. These organelles range from 0.5 to 1.0 micrometer (μm) in diameter. Mitochondria are sometimes described as "cellular power plants" because they generate most of the cell's supply of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), used as a source of chemical energy. In addition to supplying cellular energy, mitochondria are involved in a range of other processes, such as signaling, cellular differentiation, cell death, as well as the control of the cell cycle and cell growth. Mitochondria have been implicated in several human diseases, including mitochondrial disorders and cardiac dysfunction, and may play a role in the aging process. The word mitochondrion comes from the Greek μίτος mitos, thread, + χονδρίον chondrion, granule.
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1. an organelle containing enzymes responsible for producing energy
(hypernym) organelle, cell organ
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n. mitochondrion, corpuscles in the cytoplasm which provide energy to a cell (Biology)
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