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n. bacterial disease which affects the stomach and intestines
The following video provides you with the correct English pronunciation of the word "cholera", to help you become a better English speaker.
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Cholera is an infection in the small intestine caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The main symptoms are profuse, watery diarrhea and vomiting. Transmission occurs primarily by drinking water or eating food that has been contaminated by the feces of an infected person, including one with no apparent symptoms. The severity of the diarrhea and vomiting can lead to rapid dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, and death in some cases. The primary treatment is oral rehydration therapy, typically with oral rehydration solution (ORS), to replace water and electrolytes. If this is not tolerated or does not provide improvement fast enough, intravenous fluids can also be used. Antibacterial drugs are beneficial in those with severe disease to shorten its duration and severity. Worldwide, it affects 3–5 million people and causes 100,000–130,000 deaths a year . Cholera was one of the earliest infections to be studied by epidemiological methods.
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1. an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
(synonym) Asiatic cholera, Indian cholera, epidemic cholera
(hypernym) infectious disease
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nf. cholera, bacterial disease which affects the stomach and intestines
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nm. cholera, bacterial disease which affects the stomach and intestines
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