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anticonvulsant

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Anticonvulsant
The anticonvulsants (also commonly known as antiepileptic drugs) are a diverse group of pharmaceuticals used in the treatment of epileptic seizures. Anticonvulsants are also increasingly being used in the treatment of bipolar disorder, since many seem to act as mood stabilizers, and for the treatment of neuropathic pain. The goal of an anticonvulsant is to suppress the rapid and excessive firing of neurons that start a seizure. Failing this, an effective anticonvulsant would prevent the spread of the seizure within the brain and offer protection against possible excitotoxic effects, that may result in brain damage. Some studies have cited that anticonvulsants themselves are linked to lowered IQ in children. However these adverse effects must be balanced against the significant risk epileptiform seizures pose to children and the distinct possibility of death and devastating neurological sequela secondary to seizures. Anticonvulsants are more accurately called antiepileptic drugs (abbreviated "AEDs"), and are sometimes referred to as antiseizure drugs. While the term 'anticonvulsant' is a fair description of AEDs, the use of this term tends to lead to confusion between epilepsy and non-epileptic convulsions. Convulsive non-epileptic seizures are quite common, and these types of seizures do not respond to antiepileptic drugs. In epilepsy, an area of the cortex is typically hyper-irritable. This condition can often be confirmed by completing a diagnostic EEG. Antiepileptic drugs function to help reduce this area of irritability and thus prevent epileptiform seizures.

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Anti-epilepticum
Een anti-epilepticum is een middel tegen epilepsie.

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Antiepiléptico
El antiepiléptico (también llamado anticonvulsivo) es un término que se refiere a un fármaco, u otra substancia destinada a combatir, prevenir o interrumpir las convulsiones o los ataques epilépticos. Suele llamársele antiepiléptico aunque existen otros tipos de convulsiones no asociadas a la epilepsia como: el síndrome convulsivo febril del niño y las convulsiones producidas por la retirada brusca de tóxicos y fármacos depresores del sistema nervioso central ,sin embargo estos eventos no requieren de un uso regular de un fármaco. Los antiepilépticos se han estado usando en el tratamiento del trastorno bipolar, debido a que actúan como estabilizantes del humor (psicotrópicos). A pesar de que al controlar las convulsiones se previene considerable daño cerebral, se han asociado a los antiepilépticos con una disminución del coeficiente intelectual. También son llamados F.A.E.s acrónimo de "Fármacos Anti Epilepticos"

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Antikonvulsivum
Ein Antikonvulsivum (v. griech.  »gegen« und lat. convulsio »Krampfanfall« vgl. Konvulsion; Plural Antikonvulsiva) ist ein Arzneimittel, das zur Behandlung oder Verhinderung von epileptischen Krampfanfällen eingesetzt wird. Als Synonym wird daher auch der Name Antiepileptikum (Plural Antiepileptika) verwendet.

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Antiépileptique
Les antiépileptiques, anticonvulsifs ou anticomitiaux, appartiennent à un groupe varié de médicaments utilisés dans la prévention ou l'occurrence de l'épilepsie. Leur action est symptomatique et non pas curative (ils sont capables de diminuer la fréquence des crises, voire de les supprimer, mais l'arrêt du traitement signe leur reprise). De plus, dans un tiers des cas environ, l'épilepsie est rebelle au traitement médicamenteux.

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