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Aviv has several related meanings in Hebrew:
  • The basic meaning of the word aviv is the stage in the growth of grain when the seeds have reached full size and are filling with starch, but have not dried yet. During the plague of hail (Exodus ), the barley was said to be aviv and the flax giv`ol.
  • The month in the Hebrew calendar when the barley has reached or passed this stage ( ) is called Aviv, or the "month of the aviv": the seventh of the Jewish civil year, and the first of the Biblical ecclesiastical year. It begins about the time of the Northern spring equinox (March 21). Since the Babylonian captivity, this month has mainly been called Nisan ( ). On the sixteenth day of the month, harvest was begun by gathering a sheaf of barley, which was offered as a sacrifice to God , when the Temple in Jerusalem existed.
  • "Aviv" accordingly also means spring, one of the four seasons. Thus the major modern Israeli city of Tel Aviv means "Spring Hill".
  • Since Passover is always celebrated on 15–21 (or 22 outside Israel) Nisan, near the beginning of spring, "Holiday of Aviv". Pesach or Passover is always on the 14th of Nisan. The first day of Chag ha Matzoh or the Feast of Unleavened Bread is always the day after that, the 15th of Nisan. is an additional name for Passover.
  • Aviv is also a Hebrew male given name (the female equivalent is Aviva) for example:

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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

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The first month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, corresponding nearly to our April. After the Babylonish captivity this month was called Nisan.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913), edited by Noah Porter. About

Rakefet Dictionary

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Abib 'abib (Hebrew) [from the verbal root abab to be fresh, green; to blossom, bear fruit] Ear or sprout (of grain); first month of the Hebrew sacred year, equivalent to March-April and beginning with the new moon. Hodesh ha-'abib was the "month of green corn"; later, after the exile, called Nisan during which the vernal equinox was celebrated.

Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

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green fruit; ears of corn

Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (1869) , by Roswell D. Hitchcock. About

Smith's Bible Dictionary

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(green fruits). See: Month

Smith's Bible Dictionary (1884) , by William Smith. About

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