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ZimbabwePeople

CIA World Factbook 2005 Dictionary

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Zimbabwe: People
Population:
12,746,990
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2005 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 39.2% (male 2,522,609/female 2,474,131)
15-64 years: 57.1% (male 3,686,354/female 3,592,662)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 235,478/female 235,756) (2005 est.)
Median age:
total: 19.26 years
male: 19.28 years
female: 19.24 years (2005 est.)
Population growth rate:
0.51% (2005 est.)
Birth rate:
29.74 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Death rate:
24.66 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population negligible migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2005 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 67.69 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 70.32 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 64.98 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 36.67 years
male: 37.21 years
female: 36.11 years (2005 est.)
Total fertility rate:
3.54 children born/woman (2005 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
24.6% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
1.8 million (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
170,000 (2003 est.)
Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid
vectorborne disease: malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2004)
Nationality:
noun: Zimbabwean(s)
adjective: Zimbabwean
Ethnic groups:
African 98% (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%
Religions:
syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1%
Languages:
English (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write English
total population: 90.7%
male: 94.2%
female: 87.2% (2003 est.)

More about Zimbabwe:

  • Introduction
  • Geography
  • Government
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Transportation
  • Military
  • Transnational Issues


  • The World Factbook 2005, by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)