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Pre-accession aid

EU English Dictionary

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Pre-accession aid
Enormous investment is required if the applicant countries are to adapt their standards, especially their industrial and environmental norms, in order to be able to comply with Community legislation when they join the Union. The pre-accession aid for the period 2000-2006 for the countries of Central and Eastern Europe is a key element of the European Union's strategy towards the applicants and involves two main components:

•the Phare programme finances the projects needed to adapt the applicant countries' administrative and legal systems and to develop their infrastructure (EUR 10.5 billion);
•two assistance funds have been set up to manage additional aid:
-the first supports structural measures in the field of agriculture (SAPARD - EUR 3.5 billion)
-the second finances infrastructure development in the fields of the environment and transport (Instrument for Structural Policies for Pre-Accession, ISPA - EUR 7 billion). ISPA plays the same role for the applicant countries as the Cohesion Fund does for Spain, Portugal, Greece and Ireland.

The accession partnership concluded between the Union and the applicant countries constitutes the main thrust of the pre-accession strategy and serves as the channel for the various types of aid.

Cyprus, Malta and Turkey receive specific pre-accession aid. Council Regulation (EC) No 555/2000 provides for a reference amount of EUR 95 million for the implementation of operations in the framework of the pre-accession strategy for Cyprus and Malta (EUR 57 million for Cyprus and EUR 38 million for Malta). This amount is available until 31 December 2004. Regulation (EC) No 2500/2001 concerning pre-accession financial assistance for Turkey provides for specific aid totalling over EUR 2 million.

All of the applicant countries may also participate in the pre-accession instrument of the European Investment Bank (EIB).

Additional pre-accession aid for Bulgaria and Romania was approved at the Copenhagen European Council (12 and 13 December 2002).

See:

Accession negotiations
Accession partnership
Applicant countries
Community acquis
Enlargement
European Investment Bank (EIB)
Incorporation of the Community acquis
Pre-accession strategy
Programme of Community aid to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (Phare)
Screening
Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund
TAIEX (Technical Assistance Information Exchange Office)



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