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organic acid found in animal and vegetable oils (Chemistry)
organic carbon compound occurring naturally in animal and vegetable fats and oils
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|Wikipedia English The Free Encyclopedia||Download this dictionary|
In chemistry, especially biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated. Most naturally occurring fatty acids have a chain of an even number of carbon atoms, from 4 to 28. Fatty acids are usually derived from triglycerides or phospholipids. When they are not attached to other molecules, they are known as "free" fatty acids. Fatty acids are important sources of fuel because, when metabolized, they yield large quantities of ATP. Many cell types can use either glucose or fatty acids for this purpose. In particular, heart and skeletal muscle prefer fatty acids. The brain cannot use fatty acids as a source of fuel; it relies on glucose or ketone bodies.
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|WordNet 2.0 Dictionary||Download this dictionary|
1. any of a class of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids that form part of a lipid molecule and can be derived from fat by hydrolysis; fatty acids are simple molecules built around a series of carbon atoms linked together in a chain of 12 to 22 carbon atoms
(hypernym) carboxylic acid
(hyponym) saturated fatty acid
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n. mastná kyselina
|NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms||Download this dictionary|
A major component of fats that is used by the body for energy and tissue development.
A Service of the National Cancer Institute.
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